Dausa: Rajasthan through districts
Dausa/Rajasthan/district/GK/RPSC/RAS/RSMSSB/Study/Notes Dausa: Rajasthan through districts
Dausa is situated in the north-eastern region of Rajasthan, widely known as Dhundhar & ruled by Bargujars. Dausa is located at 26.88°N Latitude & 76.33°E Longitude, with an average elevation of 333 meters above sea-level. Dausa is an internal district and is surrounded by Jaipur, Alwar, Sawai Madhopur, Karauli, Bharatpur and Tonk.
Dausa District is the one of smallest district of Rajasthan by an area which is just 55 km away from Jaipur. It is situated in the north-eastern region of Rajasthan. The district is divided into four tehsils, Baswa, Dausa, Lalsot, Mahwa and Sikrai. Dausa situated on NH-11 from Jaipur to Agra. The Sawa and Ban Ganga rivers run through the district. The people of Dausa district generally speak Hindi and follow Hinduism. Agriculture is the main occupations of common citizens of Dausa. Dausa people well versed in cultural activities like folk music dance and also celebrate local festival. The Dausa district has many micro servicing units related to agricultural equipment, Submersible Pump. Dausa is least developed in term of large scale industries, this is mainly due to the fact that earlier, it was a part of Jaipur and could not get due attention despite the fact that it is well connected by rail, road. There are many places to visit in Dausa district like as Kalakho, Bhangarh, Bhandarej, Harshata Mata Temple, Chand Baoli and Fort Madhogarh which attracts tourism to the district. Health and education facilities are available in the town for local people, but Dausa is still behind from other district in terms of health and education facilities due to lack of proper infrastructure execution of the development program.
Basant Panchami Mela (During February every year) is organised with the worship of idols of Raghunathji, Narshingji and god Surya. The festival is celebrated for three days with a large local market for villagers to procure there essential requirements for the entire year. Dausa: Rajasthan through districts
Dausa is surrounded by Mahadev in five directions (Neelkanth, Gupteshwar, Sahajnath, Somnath and Baijnath), so it was named from Sanskrit word “Dhau and Sa”. ‘Dhau’ means “Heaven” & ‘Sa’ means alike so Dausa means alike Heaven.
The folk art of Hela-Khayal is a unique singing style of this region. Its’ uniqueness lies in its traditional singing which is highly stylised yet it has now been skillfully employed to comment on the current socio-economic-political scenario in a satirical manner. Extremely popular among the village folk of Dausa, Hela singers demonstrate and typify the undying spirit and zest for life of its people.
As per the census 2011, the total population of the district was 16.37 Lacs out of which 87.62 population lives in rural area & remaining 12.38% in the urban area.
Historical/Geographical Places of Dausa
1. Bhandarej Town
The town was originally known as the city of Bhadravati and finds mention in Mahabharata. Bhandarej is also famous for walls, sculptures, decorative lattice work, terracotta utensils etc found in excavation. Further, the Bhandarej Baori (Step Well) is a magnificent architectural creation and has 150 wide steps going towards the main well, approximately 70 feet in width.
The Bhadravati Palace, also known as Bhandarej Fort, is an interesting blend of both Mughal and Rajput architecture having courtyards, arched windows and traditionally painted verandahs.
Abhaneri is famous for its Post-gupta or early medieval monuments. The Chand Baori (Step Well) and Harshat Mata Temple are prominent monuments. The temple is an excellent example of intricate carving on stone whereas the Baori has stairs with unparallel artistic and architectural beauty. It is situated at about 33 Kms from the district headquarter towards Bandikui.
3. Mehndipur Balaji
It is situated about 40 Kms from district headquarter on NH11 towards Mahwa/Agra. Temple of Bajrang Bali (Hanuman) god is famous for treatment of mentally disturbed people by the PRETRAJ. With the tremendous growth in medical sciences in the world, still people from all over India come to this place to overcome such diseases.
4. Madhorajpura Fort
Sawai Madho Singh-I after defeating Marathas, established the township of Madhorajpura and constructed the fort. According to historians, this fort was used as the headquarters by the Swathi, during the fight between Marathas and Swathi Pratap Singh.
Khawaraoji is famous for residence of the then ruler Raoji and natural beauty. It is situated at about 25 Kms from the district headquarter towards Sikrai. Though, it has typical way to reach this place, the fort like residence is converted into the Khawaraoji Heritage Hotel. Surrounded by hills at the three sides, and having Amol Ghati nearby with natural beauty, this place has worth to visit by tourists.
The hills of Dausa district are parts of the North Aravali ranges. The Lalsot-Bayana Hill range runs from Lalsot to Bayana, demarcates the boundary between Dausa and Sawai Madhopur districts. The Aravali exposures have a perfect concordant sequence of beds from Lalsot to Bayana ridge. A belt of crystalline quartzite is found in hills from Dausa to Bhankari, schistose quartzite is also predominately exposed. The soil of the district is yellowish to dark brown dominantly fine textured, generally suitable for all type of crops. Dausa: Rajasthan through districts
The climate of the district is dry we have south- western monsoon. The minimum and maximum temperatures recorded in the district vary from 4 to 5 degree Celsius to 47.00 degree Celsius. The average rainfall of the district is 604.03 mm. There are 36 dams in the district. The major dams are Sainthal Sagar, Kalakho Bandh, Madho sagar Bandh and Moral Bandh. Morel and Ban Ganga are major rivers located in the district. Dausa: Rajasthan through districts