Churu: Rajasthan through districts
Churu/district/Rajasthan/GK/RPSC/RAS/RTS/RSMSSB/Study/Notes Churu: Rajasthan through districts
Churu, also known as Gateway to the Thar Desert of Rajasthan is famous for its marvelous Havelis, Chhatris and fresco paintings. Churu lies on National Highway-65 connecting Ambala and Pali. It is a junction station for commuting to Bikaner. The city has scanty vegetation and is encircled by shifting sand dunes. Churu: Rajasthan through districts
Churu is located in the desert area of Rajasthan. Geographically, the district lies in 28°18′N latitude and 74°58′E longitude. Churu lies in the Jangaldesh region of northern Rajasthan and shares boundaries with the Hanumangarh to the north, the Haryana state to the east, the Jhunjhunun and Sikar districts to the southeast, the Nagaur to the south, and the Bikaner District to the west.
The district has an area of approximately 16,830 square km, which has been divided into 6 tehsils namely Churu, Ratangarh, Taranagar, Rajgarh, Sardarshahar, and Sujangarh.
Before India’s independence in 1947, it was a part of Bikaner State. The district came into existence in 1948 comprising three tehsils Churu, Rajgarh and Taranagar when the administration of Bikaner State was reorganized.
According to the 2011 census: Churu district has a population of approximately 20, 41,172.Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-11 was approximately 6.1%.The district has a population density of 148 inhabitants per square kilometer.Churu has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of about 67.46%. Churu: Rajasthan through districts
Historical/Geographical Places of Churu
1. Churu Fort
Churu Fort was constructed by Thakur Kushal Singh in 1649 A.D. In 1814, Surat Singh of Bikaner attacked this fort and after ammunition was exhausted, Thakur Shiv Singh fired Cannon balls made of silver in defense of fort. Shiv Singh also constructed Gopinath temple inside the fort.
2. Gogaji Maharaj Fair
Almost every village in Rajasthan has a than dedicated to him. Worship of Gogaji starts in Bhadra month of Hindu calendar. Grand fairs are held at his birthplace dadreva (Churu) and Smadhi sthal Gogamedi (Hanumangarh).
Thousands of devotees gather to pay homage at this memorial annually in the month of Bhadrapada during the Gogaji fair, which lasts for 3 days. The fair is held from the ninth day of the dark half of Bhadrapada (Goga Navami) to the eleventh day of the dark half of the same month. Churu: Rajasthan through districts
3. Talchhapar Sanctuary
The Talchhapar Sanctuary is known for its rare black-buck. Apart from the black-buck, some of the other wild animals spotted here are jungle cat, chinkara and varied species of migratory birds.
4. Kothari and Surana Haveli
Oswal Jain merchant families constructed these beautiful painted havelis. Malji’s Haveli made by Malaji Kothari is the most popular haveli. Another famous haveli is the Surana Double Haveli. Churu: Rajasthan through districts.