Chittorgarh: Rajasthan through districts
Chittorgarh lies on the banks of rivers Berach and Gambhiri in Rajasthan. The city has been the former capital of the Sisodia Dynasty of Mewar. It has been the epitome of Chattari Rajput pride and romance. It is also known as Bhakti aur Shakti ki Nagri (The land of devotion and strength). Udaipur Airport (70 km) is nearest airport to Chittorgarh. Golden Quadrilateral highway system passes through Chittorgarh. The district can be identified as a limestone district of Rajasthan.
Chittorgarh is located in the southern part of the state of Rajasthan at an altitude of 394 meters above sea level with Latitude of 24.88°N and longitude of 74.63°E. The district has two parts, the smaller portion or Bhainsrorgarh in the east is separated by the state of Madhya Pradesh. Chittorgarh District shares its border with, Bhilwara District to the North, Pratapgarh & Neemuch (M.P) District to the South, Udaipur District to the west and shares border with Madhya Pradesh State to the East. Chittorgarh Rajasthan through districts.
According to the 2011 census, Chittorgarh district has a population of 15, 44,392 of which 50.76 percent are males & 49.24 percent are females. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.09%. Chittaurgarh has a sex ratio of 970 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.51%.
Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, rallied his forces against Mewar, in 1303 AD. The Chittorgarh fort was till then considered impregnable and grand, atop a natural hill. But his immediate reason for invading the fort was his obsessive desire to capture Rani Padmini, the unrivalled beautiful queen of Rana Ratan Singh. The Rana, out of politeness, allowed the Khilji to view Padmini through a set of mirrors. But this viewing of Padmini further fired Khilji’s desire to possess her. After the viewing, as a gesture of courtesy, when the Rana accompanied the Sultan to the outer gate, he was treacherously captured. Khilji conveyed to the queen that the Rana would be released only if she agreed to join his harem. But the queen had other plans. She agreed to go to his camp if permitted to go in a Royal style with an entourage, in strict secrecy. Instead of her going, she sent 700 well armed soldiers disguised in litters and they rescued the Rana and took him to the fort. But Khilji chased them to the fort where a fierce battle ensued at the outer gate of the fort in which the Rajput soldiers were overpowered and the Rana was killed. Khilji won the battle on August 26, 1303. Soon thereafter, instead of surrendering to the Sultan, the royal Rajput ladies led by Rani Padmini preferred to die through the Rajput’s ultimate tragic rite of Jauhar (self immolation on a pyre).
The main rivers flowing through this district are Chambal, Banas, Berach, Gambhiri, and Jakham with smaller rivers like Wagon, Gungali etc. Topographically the Chittorgarh district is undulating with scattered hills of the Aravalli ranges. The western southern and northern parts of the district are somewhat plain. A series of hills run North South forming parallel valleys to the east of Chittorgarh. Bhainsrorgarh area is practically hilly. The district comprises rocks of Bhilwara Supergroup, Vindhyan Supergroup and Deccan Traps.
Historical/Geographical Places of Chittorgarh: Rajasthan through districts
1. Chittorgarh Fort:
Chittorgarh Fort is the largest fort in Asia. The Fort of Chittorgarh is strategically located on the top of a high hilly outcrop of the Aravallis about 180 m above the plains of the valley drained by the Berach River. The fort also contains Gaumukh Reservoir, which a deep tank is fed by a spring.
The spring emerges from a rock formation resembling a Gaumukh or ‘cow’s mouth’. The tank is considered sacred by the locals.
2. Vijaya Stambh
Vijaya Stambh is a huge nine storey tower which was built by Maharana Kumbha to commemorate his victory over the Muslim rulers of Malwa and Gujarat in 1440, the tower signifies the victorious spirit of the Rajput Kingdom after securing a victory over the intruder Mohammed Khilji. The towers stands at a height of 37 meters and compromises of 9 floors offer a great view of the city of Chittorgarh and the Chittorgarh Fort.
3. Kirti Stambh
Kirti Stambh or the tower of fame is part of the two popular stumbhs or pillars inside the Chittorgarh Palace. Kriti Stambh is a 12th-century tower situated at Chittorgarh fort in Rajasthan, India. Dedicated to the first Jain teethankar Adinath, the stambh is a 22 meter high seven storied tower having a sculpture of Adinath in the second floor.Kirti Stambh is older than another tower in the same fort, known as the Vijaya Stambh (Tower of Victory).
4. Rana Kumbha Palace
Rana Kumbha palace is 15th century palace where Rana Kumbha lived and spent his royal life. This historic monument is very popular among tourists due to its charming and artistic architecture. The founder of Udaipur; Maharana Udai Singh was born in this same palace. Rana Kumbha palace has the cellar where brave Rani Padmini performed an act of Jauhar along with other women during an attack of Alauddin Khilji.
5. Meerabai Temple
Meerabai, an ardent devotee of Lord Krishna’s, worshipped him at this temple. The structure is designed in the classic North Indian style of temples. It rises from a raised plinth and its conical roof can be seen from far. The temple houses a beautiful shrine surrounded by an open porch with four small pavilions in four corners.
6. Bhainsrorgarh Fort
Bhainsrorgarh is an impregnable fort, inhabited from at least the 2nd century BC. It is dramatically positioned between two rivers, the Chambal and Bamani. It had passed through the hands of several clans before becoming the seat of a premier noble of Mewar, the large region around Udaipur and Princely State of the Sisodia clan. It contains five tanks, temples to Devi Bhim Chauri, Shiva, and Ganesh. The present fort is around 260 years old and was built in the 1740s. Chittorgarh Rajasthan through districts
7. Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary
A sanctuary near Bassi, covering an area of 50 Sq km with panthers, wild boars, antelopes, mongoose and migratory birds. The Sanctuary is situated 5 kms from the Fort on the western fringes of Vindhyachal Ranges with series of tableland, gentle slopes and vast stretches of large lakes, water channels of which penetrate into the forest, Among the wild animals baghera sar, langur, lakkar Bagha, beddia, Lomari, lider etc.