Ajmer – Rajasthan through districts

Districts of Rajasthan:General Introduction:Ajmer

1. Ajmer: Historically Ajmer being a centrally administrated state.

Ajmer is located at an altitude of 200 meters from sea level with co-ordinates 26° 27N latitude and 74° 44 E longitudes Situated on slopes of Taragarh hills, Ajmer occupies the heart of Rajasthan. Ajmer is surrounded by Tonk & Jaipur districts in east, Nagaur in north, Pali district to the west and Rajsamand & Bhilwara district to the South.

According to the 2011 census, Ajmer has a population of around 551,360 in its urban and 542,580 in the city. In average literacy, Ajmer occupies eight (8th) positions among districts of Rajasthan. It has male literacy rate is at 82.4 percent and female literacy rate of 55.7 percent to have combined rate of 69.3 percent.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​It is located in the heart of Rajasthan, Ajmer is a small town with a very interesting past and in today’s world growing facets of growth and development in aspects of Culture, Education, state and privately owned Industrial & infrastructure establishments coalesce towards the fascination for trade tourism and investments in the district. Ajmer is the fifth largest city of the state of Rajasthan, located 135 km West of Jaipur, the state capital. It is surrounded by Aravali Mountains. It has hot-semi arid climate. April to July are summer months with average temperature of 30 °C while average temperature range from 15–18 °C during winter months of November to February. The city is selected for HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana of Government of India. It is an important junction on broad gauge Jaipur-Ahmedabad line.

Located in the heart of Rajasthan Ajmer is a small town with a very interesting past and in today’s world  growing facets of growth and development in aspects of Culture, Education, state and privately owned Industrial & infrastructure establishments coalesce towards the fascination for trade tourism and investments in the district.

In a picturesque valley surrounded by the hills of the Aravali range, 132 Kms. west of current state capital – Jaipur lies the historic city of Ajmer- a green oasis, wrapped by barren hills founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in 7th century A.D. Ajmer got its name from name from ‘Ajay Meru‘ or the invincible hill. Here he built India’s first hill fort, Taragarh. It continued to be the power center of the Chauhan clan till the end of the 12th century, through times of War and peace through serenity and sacrifice.

Today hundreds of years later Ajmer is a popular pilgrimage center for the Hindus as well as the Muslims. As the final resting place of the great Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chisti,  Muslims from all over the world revere the Dargah Sharif, where the saint lies buried and locally equally revered by both the Hindus and the Muslims.

As an aside, Ajmer is also the base for visiting Pushkar about 14 kms away. The abode of Lord Brahma the Pushkar Lake is a sacred spot for the Hindus, where they take a dip especially in the month of Karthik and considered spiritually motivated.

Thus, Ajmer is a perfect place that can be symbolized for demonstration of Indian culture, ethics and display of perfect blend of wide plethora of diverse religion, community, culture, linguistics etc. all coexisting and flourishing in peace and harmony. Besides local Hindus and Muslims several communities like Gujarati, Marathi, Malayali and other south Indian Communities, Sikh, Catholics, Parsi etc. 

Historical Places:

1. Abdullah Khan’s Tomb: The tomb was built in 1710A.D. Dargah Shari

2. Taragarh Fort: Taragarh fort was first built by Chauhan king Ajaipal on Taragarh Hill. It is also said that Rana Sanga’s Brother Prthvi Raj made a portion of for his wife Tara and named it Taragarh. The fort guarding Ajmer was the seat of the Chauhan rulers and was again believed to be built by Mughal ruler Akbar. Taragarh is reputed to be one of the oldest hill forts in India and the world. When it fell to the British Raj, the fort was dismantled on the orders of Lord William Bentinck and was converted into a sanatorium for the British troops.

3. Adhai din ka Jhopra:  Adhai din ka Jhopra is actually a Masjid built by Qutubuddin Aibak, first Sultan of Delhi, in AD 1199. Sultan Iltutmish had subsequently beautified it in AD 1213 with a screen pierced by corbelled engrailed arches which appears in this country for the first time. This mosque, built from the dismantled remains of temples, is known as Adhai-din-ka-Jhopra possibly from the fact that a fair used to be held here for two and a half day.

4. The Ajmer Sharif Dargah: Ajmer Sharif, situated at the foot of the Taragarh hill, is the shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti. It contains the domed tomb of the saint and several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate donated by the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Akbari Mosque, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

5. Akbari Fort & Museum: This fort was constructed in 1570 by Akbar and is also called as Daulat-khanna or Magazine. Plans for battle of Haldighati were finalized in this fort in 1576 and Jehangir camped in the fort for about three years to bring mewar under Mughal control. This fort is a magnificent example of Mughal architecture and it is the location from where Salim, as the Emperor Jahangir read out the Farman permitting the British East India Company to trade with India.

6. Pushkar Fair: Pushkar Fair (October- November) is one of the largest cattle fairs in the country, which is held every year at Pushkar on Kartik Poornima (Full Moon, Oct-Nov). Apart from the buying and selling of livestock, it has religious significance and has become an important tourist attraction. Competitions such as the “Matka phod“, camel races, parades, “longest moustache”, and “bridal competition” are the main draws for this fair which attracts thousands of tourists. The 12 day fair has hundreds of horses, camels and buffaloes being bought & sold.

7. Anasagar Lake It is an artificial lake built in 1135 -1150 AD by Arnoraj Chauhan, the grandfather of Prithvi Raj Chauhan III. The lake is named after him. The lake is spread over 13 Kilometers. The pavilions or Baradari of Sangmarmar marble at Anasagar were built by Shahjahan in 1637 and the Daulat Bagh Gardens were built by Jehangir. There is a Circuit house on a hill near the lake that used to be British Residency. There is an island in the center of the lake which is accessible by boat.

8. Pushkar Lake: Pushkar Lake around which the Pushkar town has developed is located amidst Aravalli ranges approx. 12 kms to the north-west of Ajmer city. The mountain range called as Nag Pahar (“Snake Mountain”) separates the lake from the city of Ajmer. The valley is formed between the two parallel ranges of the Aravalli hills running south-west to north-east. The lake is considered Sacred and a prime Hindu pilgrimage also regarded as “Teerth Raj” in local dialect.

Rajasthan General Knowledge

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RPSC RAS/RTS Prelims Exam

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General studies of Rajasthan-through district wise-ajmer

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