Jaipur: Rajasthan through districts
Rajasthan through districts, General knowledge of Rajasthan. History, Polity, Geography and famous places of Jaipur. District wise Study of Rajasthan. Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan through districts. district wise Rajasthan information. Jaipur: Rajasthan through districts.
Jaipur, the largest city and the capital of Rajasthan, is also referred to as Pink City. Built by Sawai Jai Singh, this place was India’s first planned city. With spectacular hilltops and stunning fortresses, Jaipur has become a major tourist attraction among both national and international tourists. This royal city captivates travelers as it is known for its rich culture and tradition, magnificent art and artifacts, and brilliant past. The serene temples, the long standing forts and palaces, and beautiful have with royal touch to them; added on to the glory of Jaipur. Jaipur has a semi-arid climate. Temperatures vary here in different seasons. In the summer months of April to June, average daily temperature remains around 35 degree Celsius in Jaipur. May and June are the hottest months in Jaipur. Jaipur also has strong infrastructure in terms of electricity, water, road transport, rail transport, and air transport and communication facilities. Jaipur metro is the recent achievement for the government, Jaipur has many tourist spots like Hawa Mahal, Amer Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, and Jantar Mantar etc. all are easily accessible by public transport. Jaipur is the favorite investment hub for the investors and big companies. Industrial scope is very bright here, No. of large, medium and small scale industries operating since long. Many big investors are already functioning in Jaipur and expanding rapidly. Jaipur has well established medical and educational facilities with the presence of Govt. and private hospitals, schools and colleges.
Jaipur city Planned by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, Jaipur holds the distinction of being the first planned city of India. In 1876, when the Prince of Wales visited India on a tour, Maharaja Ram Singh of Jaipur painted the entire city pink (colour pink was symbolic of hospitality), the city has since been fondly called as Pink City.
Jaipur the capital & largest city of State of Rajasthan, located at 26.92°N Latitude and 75.82°E Longitude. It is bounded by Alwar and Dausa districts on the east, Sawai Madhopur District on the southeast, Tonk District on the south, Ajmer District on the west, and Nagaur District on the northwest, Sikar District on the north and Haryana state on the extreme northeast.
While, the current population of Jaipur is estimated to be around 80 Lacs, its population, according to census of 2011, was 66, 26,178. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.91%. Jaipur has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 76.44%. The district has a population density of 598 inhabitants per square kilometer.
In ancient history Jaipur makes appearance through Bairath. Bairat’s history goes back to the time of the Mahabharata and Mahabhashya, when it was known as “Viratnagar”. Viratnagar was the capital of Matsya Mahajanapada. The kingdom came under the control of the neighboring Chedi Kingdom in the 5th century BCE and was later part of the Mauryan Empire. Jaipur: Rajasthan through districts
Historical / Geographical Famous Places of Jaipur
Bairath (Viratnagar) was the capital of the ancient Matsya Mahajanapada. The ruins of the Bijak-ki-pahadi, a Buddhist Chaitya (chapel) from the 3rd century BCE located in Bairat, are the oldest free-standing Buddhist structures in India. The town is also home to ruins of a Buddhist monastery, a wood and timber shrine, and rock-cut edict from Emperor Ashoka; dating from the Mauryan period.
Akabar constructed a mint here and his son Jahangir built a beautiful Mughal garden and a remarkable monument with painted chattris and walls.
2. Amber Fort
Amer Fort is the complex of palaces, halls, pavilions, gardens and temples, which were built by Raja Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh over a period of about two centuries. It is made of red sandstone and white marble and incorporates both Rajput and Mughal architecture.
The palace complex rises from the placid waters of the Mootha Lake, which contains Mohan Bari or Kesar Kyari in the center.
3. Jaipur City Palace
Jaipur City Palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur. His palace is a beautiful blend of Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture. The previous royal family continues to reside in one section of the palace. Located within the walls of the City Palace, Chandra Mahal is a seven-storeyed tower. However, the ground and first floors have now been given over for the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum.
4. Hawa Mahal
The Palace of Wind or Hawa Mahal was constructed in 1799 by the poet-king Sawai Pratap Singh. The five-storied structure is made of pink sandstone and has 356 intricately carved jharokhas (windows). It was designed for the women of the royal family to sit in privacy while observing life on the street.
5. Albert Hall Museum
The building gets its name from The Victoria and Albert Museum in London, the inspiration for its design. The exquisitely built Albert Hall is housed in the centre of Ram Niwas Garden. Sir Swinton Jacob conceptualised and designed it using styles from the Indo-Saracenic architecture and the Prince of Wales the foundation stone of the building in 1876.
6. Jantar Mantar
In the early 18th century, Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur constructed five Jantar Mantars in total, in New Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi. Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is considered to be the largest of the five astronomical observatories. It contains fourteen geometric devices, designed to measure time, track celestial bodies and observe the orbits of the planets around the sun. The Vrihat Samrat yantra is a sundial that can give the local time to an accuracy of 2 seconds.
7. Nahargarh Fort
The northern frontier of Jaipur is fortified by Nahargarh Fort. Situated on a rough crest of the Aravalli range, the fort, which literally means ‘abode of the tigers’, was built in 1734 by Jai Singh to further defend Amber. Later, in 1868, the fort was extended to its present size. Much of the original structures are now in ruins, but the lovely building added by sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II still survive.
8. Jaigarh Fort
It is one of the few military structures of the medieval India preserved almost intact containing palaces, gardens, open and covered reservoirs, a granary, an armoury, a well-planned cannon foundry, several temples, a tall tower and a giant mounted cannon-the Jai Ban – the largest in the Country. Jaigarh Fort was built by Sawai Jai Singh II sometime in the early 18th century amidst the arid, rocky and thorn-scrub covered hills.
Abhaneri is a village about 95 kms from Jaipur that has stepwell or ‘baoris’ and Harshat Mata Temple. The ruins of the temple also speak of the 10th century architectural and sculptural styles. There is a huge tank named “Chand Baori”, opposite to the temple fortified on all four sides with bastions for defence.
Bagru is located 35 kms away from Jaipur on the Ajmer road leading to Ajmer and is well known for hand block printing on cloth known as Bagru prints. This technique employs a wooden block on which the required design is first carved, and then the carved block is used for transferring the motif in the desired colour onto the fabric. This process is most effective for ethnic floral patterns and for printing in vegetable dyes in traditional Bagru Prints.
11. Gangaur Festival
Gangaur is one of the most important local festivals in Rajasthan. It is celebrated all over Rajasthan in some form or the other. “Gan” is a synonym for Lord Shiva and “Gauri” or “gaur” stands for Goddess Parvati, the heavenly consort of Lord Shiva. Gangaur celebrates the union of the two and is ol of conjugal and marital happiness. Gangaur is celebrated in the month of chaitra (March-April), the first month of the Hindu calendar. This month marks the end of winter and the onset of spring.
12. Teej Festival
Teej is one of the most widely celebrated festivals of Rajasthan. Swings, traditional songs and dancing are the unique features of Teej celebrations in Rajasthan. On the occasion of Teej, markets in Jaipur are stocked with trendiest women accessories and clothes. Most of the fabric clothes display ‘Lahariya’ (tie and dye) prints. Sweetshops keep different Teej sweets but ‘Ghewar and Feeni’ is the main sweet of the season. The festivals are dedicated to Parvati, also known as Teej Mata.
13. Ramgarh Lake & Wildlife Sanctuary
It is famous for its huge artificial lake created by constructing a high bund amidst tree covered hills. The temple of Jamwa Mata and the ruins of the old fort still reminds of its antiquity. On 31 May, 1982, area surrounding lake has been declared as Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary has peacock, langoor, chinkara, nilgai and other fauna.
14. Sambhar Lake
Sambhar is the largest inland salt lake in India. It is also known for holy Devayani tank, beautiful Shakambhari Devi temple, the palace and the nearby ancient town Naliyasar. Sambhar Lake is also famous for the illusion of water (mirage) during noon times. Sambhar lake is now managed by Sambhar Salts Limited, a joint venture of Hindustan Salts and the Government of Rajasthan. Jaipur: Rajasthan through districts