Hanumangarh: Rajasthan through districts
General Knowledge of Rajasthan, districts wise general knowledge of Rajasthan. History, Polity, Geography and Famous Places of Rajasthan which we are providing detailed separate district wise information. district wise general knowledge: Major places of Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan. Hanumangarh: Rajasthan through districts
Hanumangarh is situated in the northern part of Rajasthan, situated on the banks of the river Ghaggar also identified as an ancient Sarasvati river, located about 400 km from Delhi. The area around Hanumangarh appears to be quite old. The Hanuman district also has a significant place in the ancient history. The climate of the district is semi-dry, extremely hot during the summer and extremely cold during winter. Hanumangarh is well connected with rail transport as ‘Hanumangarh Junction’ is a major railway station in Jodhpur- Bathinda line; Sadulpur, Rewari, Jaipur, Sriganganagar, Anupgarh. Bagri is the major language in Hanumangarh popularity known as Khichdi language because of having Punjabi words and Haryanvi accent. A large number of festivals and fairs are also held in this place, thereby giving one a good idea about the culture of Rajasthan. Due to its rich history, the district has some of the major tourist attractions. The places, tourist can visit include Bhatner Fort, Kalibangan, Bhadrakali Mata Temple, Pallu, Brahmani Temple etc. Industrial development has been started since long as industrial zone established ‘Industrial area Hanumangarh-I and II’ which was set us by RICCO and well developed quality infrastructural facilities like well developed national highways, state highway, district network and electric supply. Civil infrastructural facilities like post office, government dispensary, banks, school and colleges are also well developed in Hanumangarh.
Hanumangarh is one of the northern most district of Rajasthan, located between 29° 5′ to 30° 6′ North Latitude and 74° 3′ to 75º 3′ east Longitude. The district is surrounded by Churu in south, Sri Ganganagar in west, Punjab and Haryana in north and east respectively.
The Hanumangarh district has a significant place in the ancient history. Excavations at Kalibanga and Pallu have revealed the ancient civilizations. The remains found at Kalibangan in 1951 reveal that this area was a part of nearly 5000 years old Indus Valley Civilization. The district has more than 100 ‘Mounts’ where the remains of ancient civilizations have been buried. The remains of including human skeleton, unknown scripts, stamps, coins, utensils, jewelry, toys, statues have been kept at Museum at Kalibangan and National Museum, New Delhi.
During early times, Hanumangarh was the kingdom of ‘Bhati’ Rajputs. Bhupat, son of Bhati King of Jaisalmer founded the city and named it as Bhatner, in the memory of his father. Further, he also built Bhatner Fort in 295 A.D. Since then, rulers like Timur, Ghaznavid, Prithviraj Chauhan, Akbar, Qutub-uddin-Aibak and Rathores had captured this fort.
The district has plain topography covered with a thick layer of alluvium and windblown sand. It displays a general slope towards west with the gradient of about 4-5 metre per kilometer. The sand dunes are generally 4 to 5 metres high except in the south western part where they are more intensely developed, being sometimes 10 to 15 metres in height.
As of 2011 India census, Hanumangarh had a population of 151104. Males constitute 79817 of the population and females 71287. Hanumangarh has an average literacy rate of 78.32%, higher than the national average of 73.0%: male literacy is 85.42%, and female literacy is 70.42%. Sex Ratio of the city is 893 per 1000 males. Sex Ratio of Childs is 848 per 1000 boys. The major languages spoken are Bagri, Punjabi and Hindi.
Historical/Geographical Places of Hanumangarh
1. Kalibangan Archaeological Site
Kalibangan is a part of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization that is some 5000 years old. It has not only the relics of the Harappan settlements from the 2500 BC – 1750 BC, but also the Pre-Harappan settlements from the 3500 BC – 2500 BC. The excavations at Kalibangan revealed Harappan seals, human skeletons, unknown scripts, stamps, copper bangles, beads, coins, toys, terracotta and shells, wheels, jewellery, utensils, toy carts, markets, remnants of wells, bathrooms, graves, a fort and streets. Hanumangarh: Rajasthan through districts
2. Kalibangan Archaeological Museum
The museum was established in 1983 to store and exhibit the materials that were excavated from the archeological site of Kalibangan between 1961 and 1969. The Archaeological Museum is located in Kalibangan on the southern shores of the River Ghaggar.
3. Bhatner Fort
The Bhatner Fort, otherwise known as the Hanumangarh Fort, is located on somewhat elevated land with gigantic barricades along the banks of the River Ghaggar in the centre of Hanumangarh. In 295 AD, Bhupat, son of Jailsamer’s King Bhatti built this strong fort. Since then, rulers like Timur, Ghaznavid, Prithviraj Chauhan, Akbar, Qutub-uddin-Aibak and Rathores had captured this fort. The strength of this fort has been mentioned in the autobiography written by Timur called “Tuzuk- e- Timuri.” Even Mughal Emperor Akbar described this fortification in his book “Ain- I- Akbari”.
4. Shri Gorakh Nath Ji Temple
The temple is located at Shri Goraknath Teela, Gorkhana in Nohar tehsil. There have been nine Siddhas in the Nath cult, the foremost of them is Shri Gorakh Nath who was an accomplished yogi. This place is said to be the site of ascetism of Shri Gorakh Nath where his fire place (Dhuna) is even today present. It is also believed that Shri Gogaji met Shri Gorakh Nathji here and became his principal disciple. The Dhuna Guru Gorakhnath is on a mound; hence it is called Gorakh teela. Dhuna of Gorkh Nathji is also an object of worship. In this temple there is a stone image of Goddess Kalika which is made of stone and is in standing posture having the size of 3 ft. Side by side is the black stone idol of Bhairuji of the equal size. By them is the Shiva family and other Samadhis (entombments) of the yogis. Hanumangarh: Rajasthan through districts
5. Shri Goga Ji Temple
The 950 year old temple is located at village Gogamedi in Nohar Tehsil. The temple of Gogaji is a combination of Hindu and Muslim style of Architecture. The temple is built on a high mound. Inside the temple is the shrine of Gogaji, is engraved statue can be seen in the form of a warrior riding horse; with a lance in hand and snake around his neck. Thus the statue appears to be of a valiant knight undaunted and confident. The temple is visited by all caste and all communities.
6. Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurdwara
Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurdwara is located at a distance of about 80 km in the town of Nohar. This temple was constructed to celebrate the historic visit of Guru Gobind Singh in the month of November, 1706. Hanumangarh: Rajasthan through districts