Dungarpur: Rajasthan through district
Dungarpur/Rajasthan/districts/RPSC/RAS/GK/Study/Notes Dungarpur: Rajasthan through district
Dungarpur district is located in the southern part of Rajasthan. On the south and west, it is surrounded by the borders of the neighboring state of Gujarat. The climate of Dungarpur is quite dry. The summer season is hot, but milder than most of the other Rajasthan cities. The average temperature in summers falls in the range of 43° C (max) to 26° C (min). Climatic conditions of Dungarpur, Rajasthan in winters are quite cool. Dungarpur enrich with cultural activities, this district is also known for celebrating festivals and fairs like Baneshwar fair, Vagad festival arts. Hindi and Marwari are commonly used language; agriculture and tourism are the main occupation of the district. The industrial scenario in the district is average, but supportive because many industries already operating here like Acrylic and blended yarns, chemical based units, handloom cloth, marble chips and powder etc. which providing employment to local people of the district. Dungarpur is a major tourist attraction because there are many places to visit few of them are, Dev Somnath Mandir, Government archaeological museum, Juna Mahal, Gap Sagar Lake etc. Dungarpur is progressing in term of infrastructure like electricity, water, wail transport, road transport, and communication medium. Dungarpur has basic education and healthcare facilities which enhancing the socioeconomic status of the people in the district. Dungarpur: Rajasthan through district
A major part of the district is characterized by rugged terrain. The North East- South trending Aravali hill ranges are prominent in the western part. The ground elevation of the area is about 320 mts. While the hills rise upto 552mts. above MSL. Som & Mahi the two major rivers of the District, the area is drained by a network of streams that discharge their water into the Mahi River.
According to the 2011 census, Dungarpur district had a population of 13, 88,906. The district had a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.39%. Dungarpur had a sex ratio of 990 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 60.78%. Dungarpur: Rajasthan through district
Dungarpur district is the third smallest district in Rajasthan, situated in the Southern part. It lies between 23.20′ and 24.01 N latitude and 73.22′ and 74.23′ E longitude. It is bounded on the north by Udaipur district and on the east by Banswara district. On its South and west, it has common border with state of Gujrat.
The material remains of the Ahar civilization discovered in Mewar region constitute remnants of the civilization which may date back to 4000 year ago. From Ahar this culture extended to other centers in the south-east of Rajasthan including parts of present Dungarpur and Banswara district. As a proof, silver coins belonging to 181-353 AD have been unearthed in thousands from Sarwaniya village in Banswara district, also a part of ‘Bagar’. The coins establish that this territory was, then, ruled by Kshatrapas or Satraps of the Saka, inhabitants of area lying between Iran and Afghanistan. They entered Afghanistan and India sometime in the first century of the Vikram Era. Dungarpur: Rajasthan through district
Historical/Geographical Places of Dungarpur
1. Juna Mahal
Juna Mahal (Old Palace) is a 13th century, seven-storeyed edifice. It is built on a high platform constructed from Pareva stone and its rugged exterior gives it a resemblance of a citadel. It has been elaborately planned with fortified walls, watchtowers, narrow doorways and corridors to delay the enemy for as long as possible. What lies inside is a complete contrast to the exterior. Visitors will be spellbound by the beautiful murals, miniature paintings and delicate glass and mirror work that adorn the interiors.
2. The Udai Bilas Palace
The Udai Bilas Palace has been named after Maharawal Udai Singh II. Its striking design follows classic Rajput architectural style and boasts of detailed designs in its balconies, arches and windows. A beautiful wing built of the local bluish grey stone called Pareva overlooks the lake. The palace is segregated into Raniwas, Udai Bilas and Krishna Prakash, also known as Ek Thambiya Mahal. The Ek Thambiya Mahal is a veritable marvel of Rajput architecture featuring intricate sculptured pillars and panels, ornate balconies, balustrades, bracketed windows, arches and frieze of marble carvings. Today, Udai Bilas Palace functions as a heritage hotel.
Galiakot At a distance of 58 kilometres from Dungarpur, located on the banks of River Mahi, is a hamlet called Galiakot. The place is known for Syed Fakhruddin shrine. He was a renowned saint who was buried in the hamlet after his death. The shrine is made from white marble and has his teachings engraved on it walls. The inner portion of the dome is decorated by beautiful foliage while teachings of the Quaran are engraved in golden letters on the tomb.
4. Beneshwar Temple
The Beneshwar temple, containing the most revered Shiva Linga of the region, is situated on a delta. Formed at the confluence of Som and Mahi rivers, The Linga is believed to be Swayambhu or self created .It stands five feet high and is spilt broken at the top in five parts. Just near the Beneshwar temple is the Vishu temple constructed in 1793 A.D. by Jankunwari, daughter – in law of Mavji, a highly revered saint and believed to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The temple is said to be constructed at the place where Mavji spent his time praying to God. Two disciples of Mavji called Aje and Vaje built the Laxmi Narayan temple. Though these are other Gods and Goddesses, People identify them as Mavji, his wife, his son, his daughter-in law and disciple Jiwandas. Besides this temple, there is also a temple of Lord Brahma. Dungarpur: Rajasthan through district
Nagfanji is renowned for its Jain shrines and not only does it attract devotees from Dungarpur but also tourists who travel from far to see the temple. The temple houses statues of Devi Padmawati, Nagfanji Parshwanath and Dharnendra. The Nagfanji Shivalaya, which is located close to this temple, is also a tourist attraction.