Dholpur: Rajasthan through districts
Dholpur is a newly formed district of Rajasthan, carved out of Bharatpur district. It is bounded on the northeast of the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh, on the south by the Morena district of Madhya Pradesh, on the west by the Sawai Madhopur district and on the north by the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. Dholpur shares its boundary with other regions, nevertheless the commonly used language is Hindi, and agriculture is the main occupation of Dholpur district. People of Dholpur enjoy all the cultural activities; also they prefer Hindi and traditional music. Dholpur has many small scale industries which are growing in numbers and few large scale units are also operating in the district. A gas based thermal power plant of 330 Megawatt capacities has started in Dholpur to initiate an industrial revolution in the district. Dholpur is a junction of the Central Railways and is also served by regular bus services of the Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh roadways which help in increasing tourism in the district, there are many forts and places includes ancient Mughal Garden, Nihal Tower, The Machkund Temple, Chopa Shiv Temple, Sher Shikar Gurudwara, Shergarh and many more. Dholpur is more famous for its historical revelations and sightseeing that anything else. But with the rapid growth of infrastructure and population, this region has progressed as a potential health care and educational hub as well. The entire district is blessed with efficient health care and educational facilities starting from the grassroots level. Dholpur: Rajasthan through districts
Dholpur is situated in the eastern-part of Rajasthan, located at 26° 42′ 0″ North Latitude, 77° 54′ 0″ East Longitude. It is bordered by Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and Agra of Uttar Pradesh to the north, Gwalior of Madhya Pradesh to the south, Karauli district of Rajasthan to the west and (Morena) Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to the east.
Its population according to census of the year 2011 was 12, 06,516 comprising 6, 53,647 males and 5, 52,869 females. Effective literacy was 76.56%; male literacy was 84.22% and female literacy was 67.74%.
The Chambal River forms the southern boundary of the district, across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. All along the bank of the Chambal River the district is deeply intersected by ravines; low ranges of hills in the western portion of the district supply quarries of fine-grained and easily worked red sandstone. Dholpur: Rajasthan through districts
The History of Dholpur date back to the Buddha’s Period, during that period, Dholpur was included in Matsya Janpada. During Mauryan rule it was included in the Mauryan Empire.
After the death of Ibrahim Lodi, many states declared themselves independent. Mohammed Jaifoon declared himself the ruler of Dholpur. Babar sent Junniad Barlas to Dholpur, who crushed the rebellion and took over the administration of Dholpur in his own hands.
After the death of Aurangzeb, Raja Kalyan Singh Gurjar occupied the fort till 1761 AD, whence
Raja of Bharatpur, the Jat ruler Maharaja Surajmal took control of the fort.
Historical/Geographical Places of Dholpur
1. The Machkund Temple:
Muchchhkund is about 4 km from the town of Dholpur. It is an ancient sacred place. It commands a picturesque view. The place is named after Raja Muchchhkund, the 24th of the Suryavanshi Dynasty (the solar race) who is said to have reigned nineteen generations before Lord Ram. According to legend, Raja Muchchhkund was sleeping here when demon Kaal Yaman (while pursuing lord Krishna) accidentally woke him up. The demon Kaal Yaman was burnt to ashes because of a divine blessing to Raja Muchchhkund. It is now a sacred place for pilgrims.
It is located 27 kilometres from Dholpur (and 5 kilometers from Bari) is a picturesque lake called Talab Shahi. The lake and the palace were built in 1617 A.D. as a shooting lodge for Prince Shah Jahan. The palace and the lake were later maintained by the ruler of Dholpur. The lake attracts a large number of winter migratory fowl such as pintail, shoveller, red crested pochard, common pochard, tufted duck, garganey teal, wigeon and fadwall.
3. Shergarh Fort
It is Located on Banks of river Chambal, Shergarh fort is, said to be first constructed by Raja Maldev during Kushan Period. In 1540, Shershah reconstructed the fort and named it Shergarh.
4. Van Vihar Wild Life Sanctuary
Van Vihar, an old wildlife reserve of the rulers of Dholpur is spread over an area of 25.60 km2 over Vindhyan Plateau, supports a rather open stunted growth of Dhok and Khair trees. Animals like Sambhar, Chital, Blue Bull, Wild Boar, Sloth Bear, Hyena and Leopard inhabit it.
5. Ramsagar Sanctuary
It contains picturesque Ramsagar Lake, which supports rich aquatic life including fresh water crocodiles and a number of fishes and snakes. Water birds such as cormorants, white-breasted water hen, moor hen, jacanas, river tern, ringed plover, sand piper, and green and purple herons are quite common.
6. National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary
The Chambal River remains one of north India’s most unpolluted rivers, home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna. National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary contains the rare Ganges river dolphin. The sanctuary was founded in 1978 and is part of a large area co-administered by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, within area of 5,400 km². Approximately 400 km of the river is within the reserve. Apart from the Ganges river dolphin, the other inhabitants of the sanctuary include mugger crocodiles and gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). Migratory birds from Siberia form its rich avian fauna. Dholpur: Rajasthan through districts