Alwar: Rajasthan through districts
Alwar: Districts of Rajasthan: General introduction
Alwar is part of the National Capital Region (NCR) of India. The hilly district of Rajasthan state is situated 150 km north of Jaipur, the state capital. It is also known as Matsya Nagar (Fish City) and the Tiger Gate of Rajasthan. Locals celebrate Kite Festival annually on Rakshabandhan day. Kalakand (milk-cake) is world famous dessert cuisine of Alwar. Sahibi and Arvari rivers run through the city. Delhi Airport (163 km) is nearest airport to Alwar.
According to 2011 census the population of Alwar district was 36, 71,999. It is 3rd largest populated district after Jaipur & Jodhpur.
Alwar is located in the north-east of Rajasthan between 27°34′ & 28°4′ north Latitudes and 76°7′ & 77°13′ east Longitudes. Alwar is bounded by Mahendragarh (Haryana) in north-west, Gurgaon (Haryana) in the north and north-east, by Bharatpur in the east, by Dausa in south and Jaipur in south-west & west direction.
It is also known as Matsya Desh, this is said to be the Pandavas, the mighty heroes of the Mahabharata, spent the last years of their 13-year exile. Early medieval times, Alwar was ruled by Jadaun clan of Chandravanhi Rajputs. In early 13th century Nahar Khan of the same Chandravanshi clan converted to Islam in thirteenth century during Firuz Shah Tughlak’s regime.
Alwar Geographical/Historical Places
1. Kesroli Hill Fort: This 14th century fort is best known for its turrets, ramparts and arched verandas. The Yaduvanshi Rajputs, who are said to be descendants of Lord Krishna, built it. Today, the fort has been converted into a heritage hotel.
2. Bala Quila: The Bala Qila (meaning young fort) was built on the foundations of a 10th century mud fort and is a towering structure set atop a hill. Strong fortifications, graceful marble columns and delicate latticed balconies make up the fort. Bala Qila can be entered through six gates, namely Jai Pol, Suraj Pol, Laxman Pol, Chand Pol, Krishan Pol and Andheri Gate.
3. Alwar City Palace: Raja Bakhtawar Singh built the city palace in 1793 AD. The palace is an amazing mélange of the Rajputana and Islami styles of architecture. The highlight of this palace is graceful marble pavilions set on lotus flower bases in the central courtyard. The palace that once belonged to the Maharaja has been converted into the District Collectorate. Its grand halls and chambers now house government offices.
4. Bhangarh Town: it is Located fifty kilometres from Sariska Sanctuary is the splendid town of Bhangarh which was built in the 17th century by Raja Madho Singh. The most popular legend states that the town was cursed by an evil magician and was subsequently abandoned. The evil effect of the curse is believed to be working even to this day. In fact, Bhangarh holds the distinction of being one of the most haunted places in India.
5. Moosi Maharani ki Chhatri: This cenotaph, built in the memory of Maharaja Bakhtawar Singh and his queen, Rani Moosi, reflects the Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The upper portion comprising columned pavilions and domed arches is made of marble while the lower section consists of pillars in red sandstone.
6. Matsya Festival: The Matsya festival of Alwar held in November over two days is the foremost of all fairs and festivals of Rajasthan. It is celebrated to glorify the prosperity, traditional values and colorful customs of the region.
7. Sariska Tiger Reserve: Sariska is a wildlife refuge that was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1955. In 1978, it was included in Project Tiger and given the status of a tiger reserve. In 1979 it was upgraded to National Park. Further, 16th-century Kankwari fort, built by Jai Singh II, is also located near the centre of the park. Sariska is famous for Bengal Tigers but other species such as such as the Indian leopard, striped hyena, Indian jackal, chital, Sambhar, nilgai, chinkara, four-horned antelope, wild boar, hare, and hanuman langur can also be found inside the park.
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