Polity & Administration of Rajasthan Complete study notes/PDF/eBook/practice mcq for RPSC RAS/RTS Prelims, Mains and all other competitive exams.

The Human settlement record in Rajasthan state dates back to around 5000 years ago with sections of Rajasthan at the spirit of the Indus Valley Civilization. This area was earlier known as Gurjaratra, the area protected and ruled by the Gurjars. Later the name changed to Rajputana.

George Thomas was the first in 1800, to term this region the Rajputana Agency. The historian John Keay in his book, India: A History stated that the Rajputana name was coined by the British but that the word achieved a retrospective authenticity: in an 1829 translation of Ferishta’s history of early Islamic India, John Briggs discarded the phrase “Indian princes”, as rendered in Dow’s earlier version, and substituted “Rajpoot princes”.

James Tod was the first one to use the name Rajasthan. He mentioned it in his book Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India, prior to that the land was called as Rajputana by the Britishers in 1800. The place was never untied so there is no defined boundary of Rajputana. As there were more Rajput kings, this leads to the name Rajputana.

We actually do not have any other name of Rajasthan prior to Rajputana as first mentioned that they were never united and once the Britishers started ruling India they gave it a name Rajputana.

In ancient period west of western Rajasthan was called Maru. Central Rajasthan was Shakambhari, SE Rajasthan was under Malwa state and a whole it was in “Aryavarta“.

The unification of Rajasthan was completed in seven stages, and resulted in Rajasthan as we see it today.

The credit for the unification goes to the ‘Iron man of India’, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

What is unification?

The act, process, or result of bringing or coming together into or as if into a single unit or group unification of a divided state or nation.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is not only known for the unification of rajasthan but he united India by merging different princely states. He keeps forming unions, by luring the Princes of different states for the post of head of United States.

The ruler of largest state was made the Head of State and then when a new state was merged with the union, the prince of that state was made the head.

To keep others in good gesture, new posts of Deputy Head, and Prime Minister were also introduced.

Seven Stages of formation of Rajasthan (1948-1956)

S.No. Name of Group States
1 Matsya Union Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli
2 Rajasthan Union Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Kota, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk.
3 United State of Rajasthan Udaipur also joined with the other Union of Rajasthan.
4 Greater Rajasthan Bikaner, Jaipur, Jaisalmer & Jodhpur also joined with the United State of Rajasthan.
5 United State of Greater Rajasthan Matsya Union also merged in Greater Rajasthan
6 United Rajasthan 18 States of United Rajasthan merged with Princely State Sirohi except Abu and Delwara.
7 Re-organised Rajasthan Under the State Re-organisation Act, 1956 the erstwhile part ‘C’ State of Ajmer, Abu Road Taluka, former part of princely State Sirohi which was merged in former Bombay, State and Sunel Tappa region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan and Sironj subdistrict of Jhalawar district was transferred to Madhya Pradesh.

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